Application layer (application server and message server)
In addition to the database, the SAP system itself is installed. This installation is planned using a tool from SAP, the "Maintenance Planner", and then carried out using the SWPM (Software Provisioning Manager) and SUM (Software Update Manager) tools.
The logging of data changes in tables using transports should also be active. For this, the "RECCLIENT" parameter in your transport management system (Transakation STMS) must be set to "ALL" at all system levels.
Potential security risks in application processes in IDM systems
As we explained in SAP Basis, your SAP Basis administrator (or team) is directly responsible for keeping your SAP landscape healthy, online, and up-to-date. This includes:
A role concept according to best practice protects you from potential attacks within your SAP landscape. However, to protect your system from unauthorized access via the network, the SAP Gateway must be configured correctly. It enables the use of external programs via interfaces or the call of ABAP programs and serves as a technical component of the application server, which manages the communication of all RFC-based functions.
"Shortcut for SAP Systems" is a PC application that simplifies or even facilitates many activities in the SAP basis.
Every SAP system develops over many years.
It's hard to imagine that all SAP customers will have completely replaced their Oracle and Microsoft databases in just ten years.