Data modeling and extraction
Since jobs and backups should run at set times for organizational or technical reasons, automating them is a good idea. In simple, clear system environments, many SAP Basis administrators help themselves with SAP CPS (Central Process Scheduling) and simple ABAP batch jobs that start operations or other jobs. Since the desires and the system environments usually grow continuously, this approach becomes complex and confusing over time and troubleshooting often becomes difficult. As a result, maintainability often falls by the wayside and error-proneness can increase. If different jobs are strung together to form chains, further problems arise.
The dataowner should be the
adm of the target system, which you can change (in the Unix console) with "chown adm K12345.DEV" (respectively R12345.DEV for the data file). To change the access permissions, you can use the command "chmod 664 K12345.DEV". Attach transport jobs in the SAP system Once this has been done, you can attach the transport orders in your SAP system to the import queue. This is done by using the STMS -> Import Overview (F5) to display the import queues. Select the import queue of the target system with a double click. After that, you will receive a pop-up under "Additions"->"More orders"->"Attach", which you can use to attach the transport orders to the import queue. In the pop-up you have to name the exact transport order. The correct name for this is as follows: The first three characters are the file extension of the two files you copied into the transport directory. The last characters consist of the file name of the cofiles file. In our example transport the transport would be called "DEVK12345" (deriving from the cofiles file K12345.DEV) This should now return a positive message from SAP and the transport is attached to the import queue. Now you can import this transport into the system just like any ordinary transport order. Step-by-step Summary Copy Cofiles/data file to transport directory Normally /usr/sap/trans, if not —> AL11 -> DIR_TRANS Customise file owners and permissions chown adm chmod 664 In SAP system: STMS -> Import Overview -> Select Import Queue -> Additions -> Additional Jobs -> Attach Enter Transport Jobs ( ).
Definition of workflows
SAP Basis is structured as a classic three-tier model. It contains the following components:
Administrators often need to replicate part or all of a database, for example, to create a system backup or test an upgrade before putting it into production. In the past, this was surprisingly difficult to do with most databases. With HANA, replication works instantly and offers richer features and better control than previous databases.
Some missing SAP basic functions in the standard are supplied by the PC application "Shortcut for SAP Systems".
In order for your SAP system landscape to function permanently, it requires error-free installation and regular support.
This includes an overview of the existing interfaces and a controllable data flow with the associated guarantee of data security.