Two ways to use Security Automation
SP01 Output control: spool requests
In order to make a transaction in cryptocurrencies, you do not have to let your bank know about it as you would for "normal" money, but you have to use the Private Key to prove that you own the coins. The transaction looks like a piece of the puzzle. Half of the puzzle piece consists of information about the coin set, time and public address of the sender or receiver. The other half is the signature of the private key belonging to the sent public address. Both halves make this piece unique. Changing only one piece of information would completely change the whole transaction or the appearance of the puzzle piece. This transaction is transferred to the network or to the miner and is checked for correctness first. If everything fits, the transaction will be sent to other miners who will do the same. Otherwise, the transaction is ignored. Miners try to integrate the transactions into a block. This is called mining and we have described it so that the miners put the puzzle pieces together into a puzzle (block). A small part of a block to be integrated follows from the block that was previously mined. If all miners accept the correctness of a completed block, they will all work the next one immediately. The puzzle (block) is fixed and is irrevocably connected to the block before or after. The blocks form a chain and are called blockchain, which contains all the transactions that have ever been made and is visible and unchangeable by everyone. In doing so, blockchain replaces a central institution and avoids double-spending, which ultimately gives value to a cryptocurrency. Smart Contracts The biggest advance compared to Bitcoin and similar applications is that second-generation blockchains, such as Ethereum, use the so-called Turing-Complete script language Solidity. This enables calculations to be made within the blockchain. While Bitcoin allows only rudimentary multi-signature functions, Ethereum opens the door to much more complex operations called smart contracts. Smart contracts are contracts in which a decentralised blockchain ensures their unchangeability and execution.
A well-cared-for emergency user concept enables the audit-proof allocation of extended permissions in combination with the assurance of daily operations in your company. This article first addresses the fundamental issues that require an emergency user approach. It then briefly explains how such a concept works in general and how we implement it. An Emergency User is normally used when tasks are temporarily taken over outside the initial field of activity. I described the different scenarios of when such a user can be used and how to deal with them in this blog post for you. Why is an emergency user approach important? There are several scenarios in which the use of an emergency user with extended rights is useful: In urgent cases, it is often necessary to be able to quickly make changes to the system that are outside the user's actual field of activity. A key user who has the necessary permissions is on vacation and needs a representation. The same user suffers short-term illness and his/her representative must take over his/her duties to ensure the operation. We recommend developing a concept for the short-term allocation of the additional permissions. This will ensure the implementation of the above scenarios. How does an emergency user approach work? An emergency user concept in SAP works fundamentally via a temporary assignment of additional rights to a specific user. After the tasks have been completed, the user is deprived of the rights. The tasks performed with the extended permissions are logged and can then be evaluated by an auditor. However, there are a few things to keep in mind: A process for granting special rights should be defined. It must be specified which users can get special rights. The time period for which users can request an emergency user should be limited.
At the same time, there is a need to return the solutions to the SAP standard. A collaborative approach between departments and IT technology is required to assess IT technical and business benefits. It is also necessary to check whether the adaptation of business processes to avoid modifications to the implementation may be more effective and therefore more cost-effective. This must be evaluated and decided jointly. As a result, we recommend defining and implementing business standards for creating and maintaining solutions.
There are the following reasons that may lead to the termination of this step: TP_INTERFACE_FAILURE: Unable to call tp interface. TP_FAILURE: The tp programme could not be run. For more information, see the SLOG or ALOG log file. CANNOT_IMPORT_DDIC: Unable to import ABAP Dictionary. See the Dictionary Import Log for the cause of the error. AUTO_MOD_SPDD This step checks whether modifications to ABAP Dictionary objects can be adjusted automatically. RUN_SPDD_? This step prompts you to customise your modifications to ABAP Dictionary objects by calling the transaction SPDD.
"Shortcut for SAP Systems" makes it easier and quicker to complete a number of SAP basis tasks.
The services of an SAP Basis service provider can be performed remotely or, if desired, on-site directly at the customer's premises.
However, sometimes two miners working on the longest chain find a new block at the same time.