Grant spool jobs
Do not assign SAP_NEW
The assignment of combinations of critical authorizations (e.g., posting an invoice and starting a payment run), commonly known as "segregation of duties conflicts," must also be reviewed and, if necessary, clarified with those responsible in the business departments as to why these exist in the system. If compensating controls have been implemented for this purpose, it is helpful if the IT department also knows about this so that it can name these controls to the IT auditor. The IT auditor can then pass this information on to his or her auditor colleagues.
Even more critical is the assignment of the comprehensive SAP® standard profile SAP_ALL, which contains almost all rights in the system. Therefore, it should be assigned to a so-called emergency user at most. The handling of the emergency user should also be specified in the authorization concept, which should be documented in writing. In any case, the activities of the emergency user should be logged and checked regularly. Therefore, it is essential in preparation for the annual audit to check the current, as well as the historical, assignments of SAP_ALL. It is therefore not sufficient to simply quickly remove the SAP_ALL profile from users in the run-up to the annual audit. It must also be proven that the SAP_ALL profile was not briefly assigned for a few days over the audit period. If SAP_ALL assignments did occur, ideally these have already been documented and checked. If this is not the case, it is essential to create documentation that cannot be changed, in which it is proven why the assignment was necessary and that the user has not carried out any critical actions beyond this (filing and review of logging).
SIVIS as a Service
The security policy was introduced with the SAP NetWeaver 7.31 release; for their use you need at least this release. Security policies thus replace the definition of password rules, password changes, and login restrictions via profile parameters. The security policy is assigned to the user in transaction SU01 on the Logon Data tab. Profile parameter settings remain relevant for user master records that have not been assigned a security policy. Some of the profile parameters are also not included in the security policy and therefore still need to be set system-wide. Security policy always includes all security policy attributes and their suggestion values. Of course, you can always adjust the proposed values according to your requirements. You define security policy about the SECPOL transaction. Select the attributes for which you want to maintain your own values and enter the values accordingly. The Descendable Entries button displays the attributes that are not different from the global entries.
Permissions must have both identical maintenance status (default, maintained, modified, manual) and an identical active status (active or inactive). Exceptions represent changed permissions and manual permissions; these are summarised when the active status is identical.
During go-live, the assignment of necessary authorizations is particularly time-critical. The "Shortcut for SAP systems" application provides functions for this purpose, so that the go-live does not get bogged down because of missing authorizations.
For the evaluation of the security advisories, you should define a monthly security patch process.
If you only want to translate the description of the role, it is recommended to record the PFCG transaction and to change the source language of the role using the Z_ROLE_SET_MASTERLANG report before the LSMW script runs through.