Lock Inactive Users
Every action of the emergency user must be traceable, which requires the appropriate configuration of logging components such as the Security Audit Log. After the event, all log files are always evaluated and all details are recorded in documentation. It is also possible to specify in the concept that, in the event of an emergency, extended authorization may be granted to other selected users; this is up to the company to decide.
We advise you not to use the self-set password with a self-service as a generated password is more secure. The password is generated depending on the password rules; This is done by first evaluating the settings in the security policy assigned to the user. If no security policy has been assigned to the user, the system will consider the password rules in the profile parameters and in the customising table PRNG_CUST. In order for the associated security policy to be considered, you may need to include the correction provided with SAP Note 1890833. Remember that the BAPI_USER_CHANGE function block does not automatically unlock the user. In the event of a lock-out due to incorrect logins, you still have to unlock the user using the BAPI_USER_UNLOCK.
Configure Security Audit Log
The generic entries cause deletions in the target system if the same entries originate from both development systems. To prevent this, insert SAP Note 1429716. Then use the report SU24_TRANSPORT_TABLES to transport your SU24 data. This report creates a detailed transport BOM based on the application names. Since the report has significantly higher maturities than step 3 of the transaction SU25, we advise you to apply this report only in a Y-landscape.
SAP NetWeaver 7.31 introduces a new method for determining affected applications and roles by timestamping (see tip 45, "Using the timestamp in the transaction SU25"). With the Support Package 12 for NetWeaver Release 7.31 and Support Package 4 for NetWeaver Release 7.40 from SAP Note 1896191, the Expert Mode function for taking SU22 data for step 2 has been added.
Secure your go-live additionally with "Shortcut for SAP systems". You can assign necessary SAP authorizations quickly and easily directly in the system.
Various solutions are offered on the market that offer this functionality in the same or similar form.
At www.sap-corner.de you will also find a lot of useful information on the subject of SAP authorizations.
In this way, each employee is given system access through the role-specific assignment of authorizations according to his or her tasks.