SAP Authorizations Security in development systems - SAP Stuff

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Security in development systems
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Customer and vendor totals statements: The Customer or Vendor Accounting Sum. Rate Tables (KNC1/KNC3 or LFC1/LFC3) do not include the Profit Centre field. Therefore, authorisation control with regard to the profit centre is not possible for evaluations such as the customer and vendor balance lists (transactions FD10N or FK10N).

Structural authorizations work with SAP HCM Organizational Management. They primarily define who can be seen, but not what can be seen, based on evaluation paths in the org tree. Therefore, structural authorizations should only be used together with general authorizations. The determination works via a so-called authorization profile. In this profile, the evaluation paths are used to define how to search on the org tree. Function modules can also be stored, which can be used to determine objects from Organizational Management using any criteria. This makes the structural authorizations very flexible.
Maintaining Authorization Objects (Transaction SU21)
The S_START boot authorisation check is delivered inactively by SAP. If this test is activated in an AS-ABAP installation (see also SAP Note 1413011), this will affect all clients. Therefore, before you activate, it must be ensured that all affected users in the permission profiles associated with them have the necessary values in the S_START permission fields.

For the entries in the SPTH table, note that the application defines whether a file is accessed with or without the path. For example, the related transactions ST11 (error log files) and AL11 (SAP directories) behave differently. While ST11 opens almost all files without a path (they are in the DIR_HOME directory anyway), AL11 basically uses fully specified file names with a path. An entry in the SPTH table with PATH = / is therefore misleading. It specifies that the defined access restrictions apply to all files specified by path. However, this only applies to applications that access files using a specified path. However, applications that access files without a path are not restricted; Files in the DIR_HOME directory may be excluded.

With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you can automate the assignment of roles after a go-live.

With the Enhancement Package (EHP) 3 to SAP ERP 6.0, SAP has provided an extension of the eligibility tests in the FIN_GL_CI_1 Business Function, which allows the eligibility objects for profit centres to be tested in FI.

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In this case, all reverse-loaded change documents shall be taken into account.
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